Securing Angular when using Firestore

Securing Angular when using Firestore

When building an application using Angular and Firestore, security is a critical consideration. In this blog post, we will explore some of the key security features of Firestore and how to secure an Angular application using Firestore.

Aaron Russell · 4 minute read

Angular is a popular framework for building single-page web applications. And Firestore is a NoSQL document database that is part of the Firebase platform, which provides many useful tools for developers. One of the key benefits of Firestore is that it is highly scalable and flexible, which makes it a great choice for building applications of all sizes.

However, when building an application using Angular and Firestore, security is a critical consideration. In this blog post, we will explore some of the key security features of Firestore and how to secure an Angular application using Firestore.


The first step in securing an Angular application using Firestore is to enable authentication. Firebase provides several authentication methods, including email/password, Google Sign-In, and third-party providers like Facebook and Twitter. By enabling authentication, you can ensure that only authorized users can access your application and its data.

Firestore Security Rules

Firestore Security Rules allow you to define who can access your data and how they can access it. These rules are written in a simple, yet powerful, language called the Firebase Security Rules language. You can write rules that allow only authenticated users to read and write data, or you can write more complex rules that allow certain users to access certain parts of your data.

For example, you can write a rule that only allows a user to read and write data if they have a specific UID or if they are a member of a certain group. You can also write rules that limit the amount of data that can be read or written in a single operation, which can help prevent abusive or malicious behavior.

Data Encryption

Another important consideration when securing an Angular application using Firestore is data encryption. Firestore encrypts data at rest by default, which means that all data stored in Firestore is encrypted using Google's Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) before it is written to disk. This helps protect your data from unauthorized access and ensures that it is not compromised in the event of a data breach.

In addition to encrypting data at rest, Firestore also provides a way to encrypt data in transit. By default, Firestore uses Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) to encrypt all data as it is transmitted between the client and the server. This ensures that your data is protected from interception and tampering by unauthorized third parties.

Angular Guards

Angular guards are another important tool that can help you secure your Angular application when using Firestore. Guards allow you to add an additional layer of protection to your routes and prevent unauthorized access to certain parts of your application.

Angular provides several types of guards, including CanActivate, CanActivateChild, CanLoad, and CanDeactivate. The CanActivate guard is particularly useful when working with Firestore, as it allows you to restrict access to certain routes based on a set of conditions.

For example, you can use the CanActivate guard to ensure that only authenticated users can access certain routes in your application. You can also use guards to check whether a user has permission to perform a specific action, such as editing or deleting data in Firestore.

Here's an example of how you can use the CanActivate guard to restrict access to a route in your Angular application:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core'; import { CanActivate, ActivatedRouteSnapshot, RouterStateSnapshot, UrlTree } from '@angular/router'; import { Observable } from 'rxjs'; import { AuthService } from './auth.service';

@Injectable({ providedIn: 'root' }) export class AuthGuard implements CanActivate { constructor(private authService: AuthService) {}

canActivate( next: ActivatedRouteSnapshot, state: RouterStateSnapshot): Observable<boolean | UrlTree> | Promise<boolean | UrlTree> | boolean | UrlTree { return this.authService.isLoggedIn(); // check if user is authenticated } }

In this example, the AuthGuard checks whether the user is authenticated by calling the isLoggedIn() method of the AuthService. If the user is authenticated, the guard allows access to the route. If not, the guard redirects the user to the login page or displays an error message.

By using guards in combination with authentication, security rules, and data encryption, you can create a robust security strategy for your Angular application using Firestore.


Securing an Angular application using Firestore requires a multi-faceted approach that includes authentication, security rules, data encryption and Angular guards. By following these best practices, you can ensure that your application and its data are protected from unauthorized access and malicious attacks. With Firebase's powerful security features and Angular's flexibility, you can build secure, scalable applications that meet the needs of your users.